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24 07 2023

The second educational and cultural course for international students

The second educational and cultural course for international students of Iranian universities was hosted by the Iran University of Science and Technology. In this event, the officials of the Ministry of Science and the Student Affairs Organization were present, and about 600 international students from 40 universities in the country participated. It is worth noting that 39 international students of the University of Guilan were also present in this course. In this cultural-educational course, in addition to participating in cultural and educational programs such as family, elites in the Islamic world, enmity, and topics related to the deepening of religious beliefs, the introduction of the foundations of the Islamic revolution and the role of the student elites in the Islamic world, students participated in entertainment activities. This camp was held for 5 days, beginning on 23 July 2023 and it had two goals, first creating friendship and affection among students, and creating awareness for individual growth by promoting group activities whilst trying to solve the challenges of Islamic countries in the Islamic world. One of the most significant aspects of this cultural camp was the active participation of the international students of the University of Guilan in educational and cultural sessions and obtaining first place in darts and futsal during its sport competitions. Also, in the closing ceremony, Ms. Bibihoor Ahmadi, an Afghan student, recited her poems describing Iran, the Supreme Leader of the Revolution, Haj Qassem Soleimani, and the University of Guilan, which was welcomed and praised by the authorities and participants.  

19 12 2022

The online session on 3D concrete printing was held by ISCO

In recent years, the 3D printing method of concrete has attracted the attention of the international academic and industrial community in civil engineering. This is due to the high capacity of this method in mechanized construction, reducing consumables and construction costs, increasing construction speed, improving compatibility with the environment in case of reducing cement consumption, and also providing the possibility of building structures with complex and special architecture. 3D Concrete printing is an additive manufacturing method in which a robot—a 3D concrete printer- places layers of fresh concrete on top of each other to create the desired geometry based on a 3D model. This concrete can be used in building structures with optimal geometry to the applied loads. This scientific meeting, which was held in coordination with the international scientific cooperation office of the University of Guilan and the liaison of international affairs of the university, Dr. Meysam Effati, and with the presentation of Dr. Abdullah Sadeghi, Ph.D. in structural engineering from the Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH), 3D concrete printing and some examples of the first structures built at the international level were introduced. Also, the process of making 3D-printed concrete in the laboratory was described, and the printing and mechanical properties of 3D-printing concrete were discussed with reference to laboratory results. Moreover, the Numerical modeling of the layered behavior of 3D-printed concrete, which is obtained based on laboratory observations, was briefly mentioned. The developed model was used to check the bearing capacity of a structural wall sample made with 3D-printed concrete. In the end, the audience's questions in the reinforcement field, how to implement 3D printed concrete, access to the printer, etc. were discussed and investigated.  

13 11 2022

The scientific meeting "Business ideas in waste management based on international experiences" was held at UG

The scientific meeting "Business ideas in waste management based on international experiences" was held online and face to face with the presence of Dr. Abu Ali Golzari, a member of the academic staff of the University of Science and Technology, in the Hikmet amphitheater of the university on November 12, 2022. In this meeting, which was attended by professors, researchers, and students, international experiences in the field of waste management and business were discussed. Dr. Abu Ali Golzari, a member of the academic staff of the University of Science and Technology, noted that before taking any actions in the field of waste business in any region or country, it is necessary to determine the percentage of its waste composition, and based on the surveys and available statistics, the composition of waste production In Iran, the amount of waste production is different from other countries, especially European countries. He said: In Iran, more than 70% of the produced waste is "wet" (organic waste), while in Europe, most of the waste is dry - although this amount is often not known as waste, but as resources. Dr. Golzari admitted that the beginning and end of the waste management cycle in Iran were defective and led to an unstable development. Therefore, to improve it, there is a need to change behavior to increase environmental responsibilities, sensitivities, and activities. Because despite various and sufficient upstream regulations, this important thing has not been done well in the country and has led to the formation of the urban waste black market mafia. He added: A specialized look at the issue of waste by the responsible institutions can lead to a better understanding and better planning, which is not possible through the organization of municipalities and rural districts of the country. Therefore, it is necessary (similar to what happened in water and sewage management) to entrust the responsibility of urban waste in the country to a specialized institution. In this meeting, setting up a recycling town in the border region of Gilan and Qazvin provinces and transporting waste by railway for recycling was also presented as an option to solve the problem of waste management in Gilan province. It was also stated that with this action, it will be possible to provide the necessary equipment and infrastructure through a private investor, which can lead to sustainable development. In this meeting, ideas were raised in the field of industrial and agricultural waste trade with an emphasis on wood waste. It was also pointed out that the role of the university in this field can be focused on education and research related to waste management, including public culture building, holding scientific meetings, and establishing connections between governmental institutions and social layers. This meeting ended with answers to the questions of the participants in person and online.  

24 09 2022

A Joint Ph.D. dissertation defense at University of Guilan and Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

The defense session for a dissertation entitled "Density Functional Theory Studies of 2D Materials for Spintronics" submitted by Ms. Maedeh Rassekh in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Ph.D. in physics was held on September.21, 2022 at 6:30 pm (Tehran time) in the faculty of science, University of Guilan (UG) and simultaneously online through Skype at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM). Prof. Saber Farjami Shayesteh (UG) and Prof. Juan José Palacios Burgos (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid) jointly supervised this dissertation. After due deliberation, the examination committee (Dr. Saeed Mahdavifar and Dr. Hanif  Hadipour from UG; Dr. Ali Tavana from University of Mohaghegh Ardabili; Dr. Linda Angela Zotti from UAM and Dr. Daniel Gosálbez Martínez from Universidad de Alicante) reached the decision that the dissertation is approved with an excellent grade. In this dissertation, an attempt has been made to explore the properties of some promising two-dimensional materials for spintronics applications. The key achievements of the projects presented in this dissertation are: A strong enhancement of the Curie temperature by full hydrogenation of a CrI3 monolayer which is known as the first truly 2D magnet. At temperatures higher than the Curie temperature, magnetic materials lose their magnetism. The higher the Curie temperature of the magnets, the more realistic temperature conditions are possible to use these materials. Presenting a density functional theory-based quantum transport methodology to address charge-spin interconversion in two-dimensional materials with spin-orbit coupling. Charge and spin are two different and important properties of electrons. Charge and spin currents can be generated by each other. For example, we can generate spin currents or spin accumulations by a charge current. Interconversion between charge and spin currents, which have very important applications in spintronics, are possible in materials with certain characteristics and through certain mechanisms. Characterization of the electronic properties of mechanically exfoliated FL antimonene of different thicknesses (~ 2 - 40 nm), in collaboration with an experimental group in Madrid. Our results suggest that topologically protected surface states (TPSS) should play a key role in the electronic properties of FL antimonene. The International Scientific Cooperation Office (ISCO) of UG, ISCO congratulations for making it to this end after hard work and astute determination to succeed. We wish her the best in her future endeavors.   Footnote: For many years, scientists used to think that one and two-dimensional materials cannot exist at finite temperatures due to thermodynamic instability. But in 2004, material science achieved great success. Novoselov and Geim isolated the first two-dimensional material, Graphene, through the Scotch tape exfoliation of graphite. This achievement was so important that the Nobel Prize in 2010 was awarded jointly to these two scientists. Since the discovery of graphene, the family of 2D materials is gradually expanding. 2D materials are being explored for their fascinating properties and a wide range of applications in electronics, spintronics, plasmonics, photodetectors, sensing, ultrafast lasers, batteries, supercapacitors, thermoelectrics, and energy storage, just to name a few.  

19 09 2022

Webinar on "Green financing and sustainable development" was held by ISCO

  The scientific webinar "Green financing and sustainable development" was held on September 11, 2022 with the presence of Dr. Farhad Taghizadeh Hesari, faculty member of the Faculty of Global Studies at Toka University of Japan. In this webinar, Dr. Hesari reviewed and explained the financial resources of green projects.  Also, the objectives, needs and tools needed to implement these projects were discussed in this meeting. Recommendations were  also made regarding sustainable financing of green projects: Dependence on foreign financial resources through international loans will cause financial debt, so it should  be a priority to focus on domestic resources or foreign investment. It is necessary to adopt appropriate policies to meet the existing challenges (including financing renewable projects, shortage of return rates of these projects, as well as lack of capacity and sufficient awareness of the players of this market). Using the capacity of institutional investors such as insurance, social security and retirement funds  with long-term financial resources can be helpful in the development of green projects. The use of tax overflow capacity can also be effective in encouraging the private sector to invest in green projects. Using collective financing for small and medium-sized projects would be helpful. It is possible to reduce the asymmetry of information as well as reduce the rate of private sector investment (to encourage the private sector) by setting up a green credit guarantee fund.  Of course, these funds need to be created in such a way that they have the least dependence on the government budget and are optimal. The meeting ended by discussing and presenting the responses of the participants of the meeting.


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